Hubris at the Finland Station…

A century ago, Lenin formulated his blueprint for the first totalitarian regime in human history. The April Theses (Aprelskiye Tezisy) was the program designed by Lenin during the Russian Revolution of February 1917, calling for Soviet control of state power; the theses, published in April 1917, contributed to the July Days uprising and also to the Bolshevik coup d’etat in October 1917. Not sharing power with any other party, ending the war at any price, bribing the peasantry with land redistibution (confiscations), blatant social demagogy, and utopian dreams of a New Man and a World Revolution: these were the main features of Ulianov’s apocalyptical scenario. Initially rejected by Lenin’s close associates as a reckless fantasy, the Theses were eventually adopted, embraced, and implemented by Lenin’s party. The human costs were astronomical…

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On April 16, 1917, one hundred years ago, Lenin returned to Russia, arriving into the Finland Station, Petrograd, in the midst of the Revolution…

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